Date. 1st June 2022
Architecture is both the process and product of planning, designing and constructionof physical structures.The method of constructing buildings and other physical structures are essential in today’s modern society.
Architecture in practice refers to planning, designing and constructing form, space and ambience. It extends from urban design and master planning to building design, the design of individual spaces and even fixtures and fittings. It also includes the pragmatic aspects of realising buildings and structures, including programming, procurement and contract administration.
Architect is also commonly used to describe the process of designing any kind of system, and is commonly used in describing information technology.
The term architect has been used for many centuries, but the architect as a recognized profession, is a relatively modern concept dating back to the 16th century, from the French architecte and Italian architetto, originating from the Greek arkhitekton, where arkhi means chief and tekton builder. The term architecturerepresents and has evolved through history to its current form in which architects are seen as highly-qualified and educated professionals in today’s modern society Although buildings in some countries like the Caribbean are commonly designed by people who are not professional architects.
The term ‘architect’ itself is protected by law. Only qualified individuals that are registered with the initials affix to their names can offer these services.Architectsand companies must obtain the professional licensed permission to use the title architect such as RIBA, AIA BIA etc.to their name. It is a criminal offence for anyone to offer services as an architect if they are not registered section of the Architects Act states that a person shall not practice or carry on business under any name style or title containing the word architect unless he is a person registered under this Act which protected by law.
Architecture is a team-working process and rarely a lone activity. There is always a client and there is always an interpreter of that client's needs. The relationship between client and architect is fundamental, and the establishment of a professional and trusting relationship between the two is the bedrock of every successful project.
Creating architecture involves art and beauty, science and engineering, values and beliefs, friendship and team-working. It is one of life's rewarding activities, bringing together a wide range of personalities, skills and expertise. It is an adventure for the client, the architect and their team.
It is important to place that adventure within a sound organisationaland contractual context so that procedural complications do not derail the principal activity. A simple, clear, legally-defined understanding of what is involved will benefit the whole process, avoid conflict and help clarify the interrelationships and responsibilities of all the partners involved in designing, evaluation, commissioning of building projects large or small.
Architectural services can be procured by a multitude of routes, however, they generally involve certain core activities. Receiving and understanding the brief, agreeing how to proceed and gathering data as fallows.
Here is a descriptions of the tasks performed by an architect, for different work it may varied, however broadly, the role performed by an architect shall include the following.
Assisting the client to prepare strategic programme
Carrying out feasibility studies and appraisals.
Advise on appointment of other professionals to the stakeholder or client
Client advisers for specialist designers and specialist contractors.
Advising on the procurement route.
Contributing to the preparation of a project brief.
Preparing the concept design.
Preparing the detailed design.
Preparing building applications.
Preparing applications for statutory approvals.
Preparing cost estimates
Preparing tender documents.
Contributing to the assessment of tenders.
Reviewing designs prepared by others designers.
Acting as contract administrator.
Inspecting the works.
Advising on the rectification of defects.
Building projects are generally divided into a series of stages. This helps define payment milestones, information deliverables, decision points, the need for new appointments and so on. Here is the RIBA Plan of work proposes for the following stages.
Preparation and brief.
Handover and closing
In architecture, the concept design stage is generally considered to be the first, and most critical stage more than others, however this can be a relatively the important part of the overall project. It is made up of designing, planning construction process activitiesand justification, brief development and feasibility studies that is necessary for the advancement of projects.This is followed by design concepts development,procurement and construction processes, which willdeveloped into a complete project. It necessary at the end of every project, the architect should satisfied the clients needs and at the same time protect their profession.
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